The Member States of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) are :
These GCC member states have a Unified Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Vat Framework Agreement which has formed the basis of VAT regime in all GCC member states. As per the agreement, each GCC member state is free to module its own domestic VAT legislation to implement in its own country, based on the underlying principles and guidelines in this GCC VAT Framework. VAT was introduced on 1st January 2018 in both UAE and KSA.
The standard VAT rate in GCC is 5%, unless an exemption or zero rate is applicable.
The purpose of this article is tooutline some of the key points and differences in UAE and KSA VAT legislation. This is discussed below:
1. Mandatory Registration – Threshold
The minimum limit of the value of actual supplies at which the Taxable Person is required to register for Tax purposes.
Article 50(2) of GCC VAT Agreement - “The Mandatory Registration Threshold shall be SAR 375,000 (or its equivalent in the GCC State currencies). The Ministerial Committee has the right to amend The Mandatory Registration Threshold after it has been in force for three years.”Accordingly, the mandatory registration threshold will be an annual business turnover of over:
UAE- AED 375,000 KSA – SR 375,000
2. Mandatory Registration - Period
Both UAE and KSA consider last 12 months and next 30 days of revenue for the purpose of mandatory registration.
3. Voluntary Registration – Threshold
The minimum limit of the value of actual supplies at which the Taxable Person may apply to register for Tax purposes.
Article 51 of GCC VAT Law - “The Voluntary Registration Threshold is 50% of the Mandatory Registration Threshold”. The voluntary registration threshold will be an annual business turnover that is below the mandatory registration but above:
UAE - AED 187,500KSA - SR 187,500
Businesses must register for VAT if their annual turnover exceeds the mandatory registration threshold, while it is optional for them to register if the taxable supply and imports are below the mandatory registration threshold but exceed the voluntary registration threshold.
In Saudi Arabia, businesses that supply goods or services that are zero rated are not required to register for VAT , whereas UAE requires such businesses to request an exemption from mandatory registration.
4. Tax Return Submission Date
Article 61 of GCC VAT Law - “Each Member State shall determine the timeframes, conditions and rules for submission of Tax Returns by a Taxable Person for each tax period, provided that The Ministerial Committee shall determine the minimum data required to be included in the tax return.”
UAE - Required to be submitted on a quarterly basis, with the returns and payments due within 28 days after the end of the period.
KSA - Companies with annual income in excess of SR 40 million must file returns on a monthly basis, while companies under this threshold must file their returns on a quarterly basis, with payments required to be made within a month of the end of the relevant period.
5. Retention of Records – tax invoices, books and accounting documents
Accounting and bookkeeping records maintained by taxable persons should be retained for a period of 5 years for UAE and 6 years for KSA after the end of the tax period to which they relate
UAE – 5 YearsKSA – 6 Years
6. Tax Debit Notes
In both UAE and KSA, if by error or omission a Tax Invoice was undervalued, you need to issue an additional Tax Invoice describing the change.
7. VAT Penalties
The VAT law in both UAE and KSA provides for the levy of penalties in the case of non-compliance by a business or a person.
Administrative penalty – Not less than AED 500 and not more than 3 times the amount of tax for which the penalty was levied
Tax evasion penalty – Upto five times of the relevant tax at stake
Administrative penalty – SR 10,000 for failure to register on time. Immediate penalty upto 25% of relevant tax amount due, after the due date is over which is last day of the subsequent month
Tax evasion penalty – Not less than the amount of tax due and not more than three times the value of the goods or services
Disclaimer : Content posted is for informational & knowledge sharing purposes only, and is not intended to be a substitute for professional advice related to tax, finance or accounting. Each article/view/comment posted by third party readers/subscribers of our website on topics of tax and accounting is their personal opinion and due professional care should be taken by you before you act after reading the contents of that article/post. No warranty whatsoever is made that any of the articles are accurate. and is not intended to provide, and should not be relied on for tax or accounting advice.