An Agent is a person who acts on behalf of the principal and has the authority to bind the Principal to obligations towards third parties. The Agent’s actions, if they are within the scope of their agency, even without prior intimation can bring binding obligations that the Principal must fulfill.
In Federal Decree-Law No. (8) of 2017 on Value Added Tax, Article (9) Supply via Agent is defined as :
1. The Supply of Goods and Services through an agent acting in the name of and on behalf of a principal is considered to be a supply by the principal and for his benefit.
2. The Supply of Goods and Services through an agent acting in his name is considered to be a direct supply by the agent and for his benefit.
Example: A Multinational company appoints a resource with "UAE Agent / Distributor", who is tasked for quality & service. A Multinational company agrees with "UAE Agent / Distributor", to pay for the full cost of head-count (Resource).
If these assumptions are considered, there is no agent relation,then
(a) UAE Agent / Distributor is paying salary to the resources.
(b) Cost of salary is paid, by Multinational company, and may be classified as export of Services, in this case.
Check the contract executed and arrive at place of supply rule, in this case:
Draw the transaction structure and connect the links end to end (if there is an export, there should be an import / purchase / expenses).
In the event, logic as provided in public clarification for zero rating of services is compliant, then adopt the principle of Zero Rating, for export of services
From the above we can conclude that supply of goods & services through an agent is considered to be a supply by the principal and for his benefit only if he is acting on behalf of a principal.
To view the “Agent Principal : Payment of Salary by Principal” video, please click here
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